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The Federated States of Belesia is a relatively new democracy in the region. The turbulence of its independence from colonial rule continues to create stability challenges throughout its many member-islands. Political turmoil, popular unrest, and widespread terrorism combine to create a volatile environment for this young federation. One of the few stabilizing factors is the development of economic opportunities and trade. Despite progress in this area, sufficient infrastructure and business processes have yet to be developed, hampering further Belesian progress. The most significant development of the Belesian Federation Defense Force is the formalization and aggregation of member islands’ inconsistent security efforts. This standardization and professionalism is most evident in the establishment of a national constabulary and a national guard. Maintaining a balance between enforcing nationhood and preserving a degree of local autonomy has been the major challenge to national policy implementation and military stationing efforts.

Political

The Federated States of Belesia is a relatively new democracy in the region. The turbulence of its independence from colonial rule continues to create stability challenges throughout its many member-islands. Political turmoil, popular unrest, and widespread terrorism combine to create a volatile environment for this young federation. One of the few stabilizing factors is the development of economic opportunities and trade. Despite progress in this area, Belesia is hampered by infrastructure and business processes that have yet to develop to meet its needs.

Military

The Belesia Federation Defense Force (BFDF) include the Belesian Army, Air Force, and Navy. The military components have a relatively high degree of cooperation and interdependence. This is largely due to numerous complex and rapidly-developing security missions.  These roles are generally divided into national defense, internal security, counter-insurgency, and stability support operations. 

Its military forces and inventories are developing alongside its national economy, with special emphasis on high-payoff investments, such as air defense and technological improvements to existing systems. The state armed forces rely heavily on its paramilitary and civil defense elements.  The Belesia Federation National Guard (BFNG) maintains a presence throughout the archipelago and is charged with supporting local security and local interests.  The Belesia Constabulary maintains local security - particularly on the smaller islands, where they may be the only security capability present. Despite cooperation and numerous joint operations, tensions persist between the BFNG and the local Constabulary elements as state authorities increasingly press national priorities and policies.

Due to the dispersed nature of Belesia’s member islands and range of potential security issues, Belesia divides security responsibilities into five “Security Groups.”  Security Group commanders often coordinate on a variety of operations, but retain a high degree of autonomy within their area of responsibility.

Economic

The Belesian economy is an emerging economy attempting to expand from its original agrarian base. Seeking to follow the example of other Pacific nations that have developed strong economies, Belesia has created manufacturing base centered on goods processing. A combination of a relatively skilled but low-cost labor force and policy changes that opened up the country to greater foreign investment created a fast growing economy, expanding in the range of 6-7% annual over the last five years despite both international market fluctuations and domestic political turbulence. However, Belesia lacks a sophisticated manufacturing structure, adequate infrastructure, or full access to international markets. Wealth distribution is extremely inequitable and while the unemployment has steadily declined over the past decade, the majority of available jobs are tedious and for low wages with high underemployment. Possible territorial disputes, particularly with regarding to fishing, have also strained relationships between Belesia and its neighbors. A fractured topography and an unevenly distributed population exacerbate the risk. Unsettled islands, of which Belesia has over 1000, are vulnerable to competing declarations of sovereignty and economic exploitation. Belesia attempts to maintain strong diplomatic ties both with its immediate neighbors and with more powerful regional stakeholders.Despite these challenges, the overall economic outlook for Belesia is positive. The country possesses a large supply of human capital and significant natural resources. The industrial transformation to manufacturing of electronic components is beginning to show profitability, although at the expense of traditional agricultural output. Economic and government reforms are generally seen as positive increasing the likelihood of both international trade and foreign investment.

Social

Belesian society is a blend of island diversity with religious homogeneity. As a nation, it has struggled to overcome the cultural differences of the various scattered ethnic groups in the multi-island nation. However, centuries of colonial rule, and the rejection of that rule, served as a catalyst for the unifying spiritual presence of Islam – a unique institution in this region. This process has been anything but smooth, as the country has suffered a series of political shifts between popular yet inefficient and often corrupt traditionalists and more Western-leaning but brutal military juntas.

Information

Belesia’s information sharing and management is very progressive. The government and population seize on the opportunities that technological advancement offers to enhance the quality of life. Some 15 years ago, the government instituted the Belesia Technology Institute (BTI) to direct the development of information technology. BTI actively conducts Information, Communications, and Technology (ICT) programs to achieve the goal of developing a regionally competitive communications sector. Government programs support many sectors, including government regulatory support, science and technology education, business, and technology development and implementation. BTI established and maintains the country’s social media presence using the applications popular not only with Belesia’s population but also with the region at large. This is no small task considering the vast number of languages, dialects, and cultural nuances.

Infrastructure

While the region’s five major countries have a significant number of rural residents, Belesia has over 80 percent of its population living in urban areas. The country contains a mixture of modern cities and primitive rural villages. Modern utilities are found predominantly in the major cities and at reasonable levels throughout the rural countryside.

Rapid urbanization is stressing the Belesian infrastructure. However, certain aspects are still among the best in the world in regards to services provided. Belesia has a robust mass transit system. Several bus companies provide transportation in major cities and to rural areas. Airports range from large international airports that can handle almost any aircraft currently, to small, unimproved dirt strips. Seaports are modern and can handle any modern cargo vessel; most have several dolphin platforms for the offloading of petroleum. The country suffers from high levels of pollution in the urban areas and the government has made policies to combat pollution in urban environments and water supplies.

Physical Environment

Belesia is a small country located in an archipelago in the western Pacific Ocean. It borders South Torbia and Gabal—with whom it has friendly relations. The country’s terrain consists primary of forested mountains interspersed with low valleys. The valleys are typically fertile and comprise most of Belesia’s arable land. Both vegetation and climate are tropical in nature. Multiple natural hazards exist, resulting from the country’s geology, weather, native wildlife, and human activity. The terrain, including multiple islands, mountains, and rivers, creates obstacles for communications and makes transportation difficult. Natural disasters such as typhoons and landslides will complicate missions. Troops must deal with extreme temperatures and humidity throughout the lowlands, and high altitudes in the mountains. Frequent rains will hamper operations and maneuverability, as will seasonal cloud cover.

Time

Belesians’ approach to time is polychronic, meaning that they tend to perform multiple tasks at the same time, as opposed to the in-sequence (monochronic) view of Americans. The Belesian view of time combines a focus on others with a belief that things will occur if and when God wills them. Consensus is extremely important, and timelines will stretch out until agreement between all parties is reached. Holidays play an important role in Belesia, and commerce shuts down on these days. That being said, the younger, more urban generation is beginning to adopt aspects of monochronic thinking. as are military leaders that have been trained by Western nations, but the traditional view is still predominant. Belesia sits within the South Torbian Time Zone (STTZ), which is eight hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)/Coordinated Universal Time (UTC); the country does not observe Daylight Saving Time (DST).

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