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The Democratic Republic of Limaria, a small and poor country, borders Atropia, Ariana, and Gorgas, and also occupies Lower Janga. Limaria currently enjoys a strong economic and military relationship with Donovia and a good economic relationship with Ariana. Tensions still exist with Atropia over Lower Janga, an Atropian province that is currently occupied by ethnic Limarians. Additionally, Limaria’s improved trade relations with Ariana have created tension with the US. Limaria will attempt to maintain relations with all the Caucasus powers due to its precarious economic development and isolated geopolitical position.

Political

The Democratic Republic of Limaria is a small state within the Caucasus that is generally autocratic and neutral or aligned broadly with Donovia, depending on the issue. Alignment exists despite differences in religion, and Limaria understands the importance of the security guarantees implicit in its relationship with Donovia. Limaria sees Atropia as its most direct external threat.

Military

The Limarian military finds itself heavily influenced by the region’s history of irregular and regular warfare. Donovia’s influence is significant, and it currently deploys advisors and border guards to Limaria. Limaria will most likely remain neutral if Ariana becomes involved in any conflict. Limaria will probably use any regional conflict to expand its territory at the expense of Atropia.

Economic

Under former Donovian influence, Limaria developed a modern industrial sector that supplied machine tools, textiles, and other manufactured goods to Donovia in exchange for its raw materials and energy. Since Donovian influence waned two decades ago, the lack of access to raw materials has forced Limaria to switch from a large agro-industrial based economy to an economy based on small-scale agriculture. The agricultural sector suffers from the need for long-term investment and modern technology. While industrial privatization in Limaria continues to occur at a slow pace, it remains ahead of neighbours in the region.

Limaria imports much of its food and possesses very few mineral deposits. The Lower Janga regional conflict and the related embargo imposed by Atropia contributed to a sharp economic decline two decades ago. Three years later, the Limarian government decided to launch an ambitious economic program, sponsored by the International Monetary Fund (IMF), which resulted in positive growth rates. Limaria also cut inflation and privatized most small- and medium-sized enterprises. Limaria’s nine primary hydroelectric power plants partially offset the country’s chronic energy shortages. At present, these plants supply 33% of the country’s energy needs. Moreover, Limaria continues to expand its energy imports from Ariana. Like Gorgas, Limaria wants to build an export-driven economy, characterized by openness and transparency.

Social

Limaria contains one of the most homogeneous populations of any of the Caucasus countries. Nearly 95 percent of all Limarian residents come from Limarian ancestry, speak Limarian as their first language, and belong to the Limarian Apostolic Church. This unity among its citizens tends to make most Limarians wary and distrustful of those without a similar background, especially those with different religious beliefs. The Limarians are proud to inhabit the country that chose Christianity as the state religion before any other nation in the world.

When Limarians deal with each other, several attitudes emerge and at least five traits appear. First, Limarians always plan to negotiate with each other over price, as Limarians expect to pay less than if the Limarian sold the product to an outsider. Even if the Limarian buyer changes the job specifications in the middle of the work, the Limarian buyer does not expect the Limarian craftsman to change his price.

Second, the Limarian tradesman already knows the previous tenet, so he will exaggerate the true value of the project or do a substandard job. Third, when Limarians deal with any Limarian institution, they will consider the cost in money; the political, social, or religious connotation of the institution; and the immediate benefits to the institution before getting involved. Fourth, a Limarian business owner expects something free or at a greatly discounted price when a Limarian institution approaches him on business. Lastly, Limarian institutions hardly ever work together because they can never agree on anything.

When Limarians deal with foreigners, they often take a completely different approach than when they deal with each other. First, Limarians believe themselves inferior to Westerners or Europeans. Limarians often attempt to imitate the other culture or even adopt the other culture. Second, Limarians often tolerate other nations’ bad habits that they would not tolerate among themselves. Third, Limarians do not attempt to negotiate a cheaper price when they deal with foreigners and will raise their level of politeness in order to avoid the shame of haggling.

Information

The information environment in Limaria suffers from a combination of lack of investment and stifling government censorship. Limaria rulers view mass media as a tool of the state, and a means for mobilising the population. The Limarian INFOWAR effort is a competent one overall, borrowing from extensive links with the Donovian military and deployed experience with NATO and US forces.

Limaria is a competent INFOWAR operator, backed by a significant economic services sector focused on high technology. Its civilian information environment is stunted due to fear of government reaction, though the Internet is widespread and growing in popularity. It is likely that Limaria will continue to develop its INFOWAR capability, especially in computer-related fields. The government will allow the Internet to be a relatively free medium of exchange, while keeping a close eye on TV and other mass media.

Infrastructure

Nearly two-thirds of Limarians live in cities, with over one-third of them located in the capital city, Yerevan. Limaria remains an urban country still surviving on the infrastructure built between 1950 and 1990. With little natural resources, the country does not possess the economic means to maintain its current infrastructure, let alone build new infrastructure. Most rural and many urban Limarians cannot access the three basic utilities—electricity, potable water, and sewage disposal.

With limited funds, it remains likely that Limaria will continue to struggle with the maintenance of its current infrastructure. Due to problems in the infrastructure and other reasons, Limaria faces a negative urbanisation rate as some of the people chose to return to the country to become subsistence farmers. Even though rural people may not possess the same standard of living as those in the urban areas, the farmers will not starve. Limaria would like to become involved in the hydrocarbon pipeline distribution system that surrounds its country, but the possibility of potential conflicts keeps investors at bay.

Physical Environment

The Lesser Caucasus Mountains dominate Limaria’s topography. With approximately 70% of the country considered mountainous, Limaria averages an altitude of 5,900 feet above sea level. Mt. Aragats, with an elevation of 13,420 feet above sea level, reigns as Limaria's highest peak. The mountains run horizontally across northern Limaria and then turn southeast into Ariana. Southwest of the Lesser Caucasus Mountains, a plateau that gradually slopes downward to the Aras River Valley forms much of central Limaria.

Many Limarian rivers travel only short distances and contain high turbulence due to numerous rapids and waterfalls. River water levels experience seasonal fluctuation, with their highest levels after the snow melts in the spring and in the fall rainy season. Most Limarian rivers belong to the Aras River drainage area. The Aras’ main left-bank tributaries—the Akhuryan (130 miles), the Hrazdan (90 miles), the Arpa (80 miles), and the Vorotan (111 miles)—irrigate most of the country. Lake Sevan is located in the northern part of the country and occupies one-tenth of Limaria’s total territory; it constitutes one of the greatest freshwater high mountain lakes in Eurasia. The lake plays a key role in Limaria as it serves as the country’s main strategic supply of drinking water and is used extensively for irrigation.

Rugged mountainous areas running from the northwest to the southeast of Limaria make off- road travel very difficult. These mountains serve as hideouts and facilitate smugglers of people, weapons, and goods. Heavy winter snow will cause some mountain passes to close for three to six months each year. Most roads, although improved, remain in poor condition. Night and winter travel remains hazardous due to unlit, narrow, or unpaved roads. Landmines remain omnipresent in and around conflict zones.

Time

The Caucasus countries, for the most part, do not believe in the sensitivity of time, and do not view punctuality or the importance of time as the US and most other Western countries do. Most of the people in the region do not view time as a resource and do not feel any compulsion to effectively manage their time. The people in the Caucasus region do not make the connection between effective use of their time and production. This lack of time consciousness will likely frustrate US soldiers as they work with their allies, but it will also give the US a battlefield advantage against its enemies.

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